Hepatitis C
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Articles by
Dr. Zhang
 
TCM and MCM Theory Related to Common Liver Disease Blood Test Markers

Low Dose Interferon Patient Experiment

Hepatitis A Prevention Reminder

Hepatitis: Causes of Pain in Liver Region 

The Need to Monitor Your Chronic Hepatitis

Liver Enzyme Fluctuation during Allergy Season 

What are the Serum Markers of Hepatitis B and What do They Mean?

Enterogenous Endotoxemia in Chronic Hepatitis–
Part 2

Enterogenous Endotoxemia in Chronic Hepatitis–
Part 1
 

Chronic Hepatitis and "Blood Activating and Stasis Expelling" (BASE) Therapy -
Part 2

Chronic Hepatitis and "Blood Activating and Stasis Expelling" (BASE) Therapy
Part 1

What Causes Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Cirrhotic Liver Disease

Dietary Support for Cirrhotic Liver Diseases

Ascites - A Complication of De-Compensated Liver Cirrhosis

Liver Cirrhosis - Portal Vein Hypertension Complications

Liver Cirrhosis Overview

PG-IFN and Ribavirin Treatments

Antibiotics and Chronic Liver Diseases

Why is Alcohol Harmful for People with Hepatitis?

Co-infections and Super-infections of Viral Hepatitis

Beware of Medications That Can Cause Liver Damage

Bile Retention and Its Clinical Manifestations (MCM) part 4

Modern Chinese Medicine (MCM) Part 3 
Jaundice and Chronic Viral Hepatitis

Modern Chinese Medicine (MCM) Anti-Liver-Fibrosis Treatments - Part 2

Modern Chinese Medicine (MCM) Anti-Liver-Fibrosis Treatments - Part 1

What is Liver Fibrosis and How is It Different from Cirrhosis?

How does the liver change as we get older?

How is that my LFTs are so good when my viral load is seemly so high?

Comprehensive Care for Chronic Viral Hepatitis

What can Cause Liver Inflammation?  

What Are the Major Functions that the Liver Carries?


 

Important Liver Function Test Markers
ALT (SGPT) and AST (SGOT)

The ALT and AST are enzymes that are located in liver cells and leak out and make their way into the general circulation when liver cells are injured. The ALT is thought to be a more specific indicator of liver inflammation, since the AST may be elevated in diseases of other organs such as the heart or muscle. In acute liver injury, such as acute viral hepatitis, the ALT and AST may be elevated to the high 100s or over 1,000 U/L. In chronic hepatitis or cirrhosis, the elevation of these enzymes may be minimal (less than 2-3 times normal) or moderate (100-300 U/L). Mild or moderate elevations of ALT or AST are nonspecific and may be caused by a wide range of liver diseases. ALT and AST are often used to monitor the course of chronic hepatitis and the response to treatments, such as prednisone and interferon.

Alanine Transaminase (ALT or SGPT)
Alanine transaminase is an enzyme that is important in the processing of proteins. This enzyme is found in large amounts in the liver, and small amounts of this enzyme are also found in the heart, muscle, and kidney. When the liver is injured or inflamed, the levels of ALT in blood usually rise; therefore, this test is done to check for signs of liver disease.

Aspartate Transaminase (AST or SGOT) Aspartate transaminase is an enzyme that plays a role in many aspects of body metabolism. This enzyme is found in many body tissues including the heart, muscle, kidney, brain, and lung. It is also present in the liver. If there is cell injury or death in any of these tissues, AST is released into the bloodstream; therefore, elevated AST levels can be seen in a variety of conditions, including liver disease. For example, the AST may be elevated in viral hepatitis, mononucleosis, or following a heart attack.



 

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About HCV
Overview
Causes and Transmission

 
Diagnostic Tests
Antibody
HCV RIBA
HCV RNA 
Viral Load

Viral Genotyping

 
Major Signs
Liver Inflammation
Fibrosis
Cirrhosis

 
Peripheral Signs and Symptoms
Fatigue
Jaundice
Bile Retention
Joint Pains and Skin Rashes
Blood Sugar Instability
Portal Vein Hypertension
Ascites

 
Important Liver Function Test Markers
Overview
ALT and AST
ALP and GGT
Albumin
Bilirubin
PT (Prothrombin Time)
 
Liver Biopsy
Overview
Procedure
Inflammation Grade
Fibrosis Stage
 
Interferon Based Treatment
Overview
Ideal Candidate
Possible Side-effects
 
Liver Support with TCM
Overview
Liver Enzymes
Serum Albumin
Blood Clotting Factors
Bile metabolism
GGT
 
Dietary Considerations
Overview
Proteins
Essential Fats
Carbohydrates
Vitamins
 
 

 


 

 

Medical Information Sources:
http://www.nih.gov/
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/

http://nccam.nih.gov/
http://www.medlineplus.org/


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