Hepatitis C
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Articles by
Dr. Zhang
TCM and MCM Theory Related to Common Liver Disease Blood Test Markers

Low Dose Interferon Patient Experiment

Hepatitis A Prevention Reminder

Hepatitis: Causes of Pain in Liver Region 

The Need to Monitor Your Chronic Hepatitis

Liver Enzyme Fluctuation during Allergy Season 

What are the Serum Markers of Hepatitis B and What do They Mean?

Enterogenous Endotoxemia in Chronic Hepatitis–
Part 2

Enterogenous Endotoxemia in Chronic Hepatitis–
Part 1

Chronic Hepatitis and "Blood Activating and Stasis Expelling" (BASE) Therapy -
Part 2

Chronic Hepatitis and "Blood Activating and Stasis Expelling" (BASE) Therapy
Part 1

What Causes Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Cirrhotic Liver Disease

Dietary Support for Cirrhotic Liver Diseases

Ascites - A Complication of De-Compensated Liver Cirrhosis

Liver Cirrhosis - Portal Vein Hypertension Complications

Liver Cirrhosis Overview

PG-IFN and Ribavirin Treatments

Antibiotics and Chronic Liver Diseases

Why is Alcohol Harmful for People with Hepatitis?

Co-infections and Super-infections of Viral Hepatitis

Beware of Medications That Can Cause Liver Damage

Bile Retention and Its Clinical Manifestations (MCM) part 4

Modern Chinese Medicine (MCM) Part 3 
Jaundice and Chronic Viral Hepatitis

Modern Chinese Medicine (MCM) Anti-Liver-Fibrosis Treatments - Part 2

Modern Chinese Medicine (MCM) Anti-Liver-Fibrosis Treatments - Part 1

What is Liver Fibrosis and How is It Different from Cirrhosis?

How does the liver change as we get older?

How is that my LFTs are so good when my viral load is seemly so high?

Comprehensive Care for Chronic Viral Hepatitis

What can Cause Liver Inflammation?  

What Are the Major Functions that the Liver Carries?


What are the Major Functions that the Liver Carries?

In order to understand the effects of chronic hepatitis on the over all health, first we need to know what functions the liver carries.

The liver has an abundant supply of blood, one-quarter of which comes from the liver artery. The Portal Vein supplies the other three quarters of blood and also carries oxygen, which collects nutrients from the intestine to be processed by the liver.

The liver is like a chemical factory, which performs over 500 different kinds of chemical reactions at any given moment. It is the largest organ of our digestive system and its functions can be roughly categorized in three major categories:


1.    Digestive function:
The liver cells continuously produce bilic acid and bile, which is a main digestive juice.  With it, the fat we receive from food can be digested and absorbed in the small intestines. Without bile, about 40% of fat we receive from foods will be lost in the stool and the fat-dissolvable vitamins cannot be absorbed. Bile is also the secretion of the liver, which excretes the toxins from the liver detoxification processes through bowel movement.

2.    Metabolic and synthetic functions:
1) Glucose metabolism:
The liver regulates blood sugar level. When the blood sugar level increases after eating, it turns into glycogen and is stored in the liver.  When the blood sugar level decreases, the liver glycogen decomposed into glucose and is released into the blood to maintain the blood sugar level.  During chronic hepatitis, this function deteriorates; many patients see their blood sugar levels unstable.
2) Bilirubin metabolism: Generation of the bilirubin from the heme (the hemoglobin metabolites) and transportation of bilirubin to and through the liver cells and eventually delivery through the bile duck to the intestine. Over production, impaired transportation, blocked excretion, and over re-absorption in the intestine may result in jaundice.
3) Hormone metabolism: The liver deactivates hormones, especially the female hormones. When this function deteriorates, liver palm, spider mole, low libido, and male breast development are some of the possible long-term effects.
4) Fat metabolism: The synthesis and release of lipid, decomposition of fatty acid, the synthesis and transport of cholesterol, lipid-protein, are all done by the liver.
5) Protein synthesis: Albumin, blood clotting factors, globulin, enzymes are all synthesized in the liver. 6) Vitamin synthesis and transportation: Vitamin A, B, C, D and K are synthesized and transported in the liver.

3.   Detoxification:
The liver is one of the major detoxification organs in our body.
Exogenous and endogenous toxins are both being processed by the liver. In the liver, those toxic substances, including medicines, are detoxified and broken down and eliminated via bile secretion.

The functions our liver carries are very important in keeping our good health.
It is one of the most sophisticated organs in the human body and when its functions are adversely affected due to Chronic Hepatitis, the treatment protocol must be broad and able to deal with many parts of the body that are indirectly affected by the liver.



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About HCV
Causes and Transmission

Diagnostic Tests
Viral Load

Viral Genotyping

Major Signs
Liver Inflammation

Peripheral Signs and Symptoms
Bile Retention
Joint Pains and Skin Rashes
Blood Sugar Instability
Portal Vein Hypertension

Important Liver Function Test Markers
PT (Prothrombin Time)
Liver Biopsy
Inflammation Grade
Fibrosis Stage
Interferon Based Treatment
Ideal Candidate
Possible Side-effects
Liver Support with TCM
Liver Enzymes
Serum Albumin
Blood Clotting Factors
Bile metabolism
Dietary Considerations
Essential Fats




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