Chronic Hepatitis and
"Blood Activating and Stasis Expelling" (BASE) Therapy
According to traditional Chinese medical (TCM) theory, the main
pathogenesis of acute hepatitis is "dampness and heat", and for
chronic hepatitis, it is "Qi stagnancy and blood stasis."
In modern terms, it means
that the blood circulation of body has been hindered and the poor
circulation adversely affects the body.
So, the TCM treatment principle for acute hepatitis is to
"expel the damp and cool the heat."
For chronic hepatitis, the principle is to use a
"Blood Activating and Stasis Expelling" method of
The indications for using
BASE in chronic hepatitis include the following symptom patterns:
1. Right upper quadrant pain. According to TCM, localized pain and ache is
a symptom of blood stagnancy and treatment should focus on improving blood
2. Grayish dark facial complexion, enlarged veins on the face, darkness of
the tongue, liver palm, and spider moles. These are typical symptoms of
poor blood circulation and stagnancy.
3. Enlarged liver and spleen, which is considered a type of harmful
“accumulation” in TCM. These are also typical symptoms of poor blood
circulation and stagnancy.
4. As a general rule, most chronic disease will cause poor blood
circulation and stagnancy. Thus, BASE therapy should be major part of
Recently, modern radioisotopes blood flow studies found that in chronic
hepatitis patients, the amount of blood flow going through the liver is
noticeably decreased. In addition, high frequency electric resistance
measurement of the speed of blood flow in the liver area found that the
blood flow going through the liver in hepatitis patients is much slower
compared to healthy people. These studies were conducted at Shanghai First
Medical University and confirmed that blood stagnancy exists in chronic
Follow-up studies found that when a patient’s ALT and AST levels
normalized as the result of treatment, circulation and speed of blood flow
in the liver area also increased. These positive changes were much more
visible when BASE herbal therapy was included in the treatment course.
Additional studies in microcirculation found that the alignment of
micro-capillaries in the tasting buds of the tongue, nail folders, and
conjunctiva were also improved after BASE treatment.
BASE treatment is also a major therapy for liver fibrosis. In TCM,
fibrosis is considered a sign of blood stagnancy in the liver. Especially
in the advanced stages of fibrosis, such as stage 3 or 4, the Disse space
(the sinusoid between liver cell and the blood flow) becomes capillarized.
This will cause blockage in the nutritional and gas exchange in the liver
and is the pathogenesis of blood stagnancy in liver fibrosis. BASE
treatment can help contain the progression of the fibrosis and restore the
functions of the liver.
These are the main
reasons why BASE is essential in treating chronic hepatitis.