Hepatitis C
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Articles by
Dr. Zhang
TCM and MCM Theory Related to Common Liver Disease Blood Test Markers

Low Dose Interferon Patient Experiment

Hepatitis A Prevention Reminder

Hepatitis: Causes of Pain in Liver Region 

The Need to Monitor Your Chronic Hepatitis

Liver Enzyme Fluctuation during Allergy Season 

What are the Serum Markers of Hepatitis B and What do They Mean?

Enterogenous Endotoxemia in Chronic Hepatitis–
Part 2

Enterogenous Endotoxemia in Chronic Hepatitis–
Part 1

Chronic Hepatitis and "Blood Activating and Stasis Expelling" (BASE) Therapy -
Part 2

Chronic Hepatitis and "Blood Activating and Stasis Expelling" (BASE) Therapy
Part 1

What Causes Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Cirrhotic Liver Disease

Dietary Support for Cirrhotic Liver Diseases

Ascites - A Complication of De-Compensated Liver Cirrhosis

Liver Cirrhosis - Portal Vein Hypertension Complications

Liver Cirrhosis Overview

PG-IFN and Ribavirin Treatments

Antibiotics and Chronic Liver Diseases

Why is Alcohol Harmful for People with Hepatitis?

Co-infections and Super-infections of Viral Hepatitis

Beware of Medications That Can Cause Liver Damage

Bile Retention and Its Clinical Manifestations (MCM) part 4

Modern Chinese Medicine (MCM) Part 3 
Jaundice and Chronic Viral Hepatitis

Modern Chinese Medicine (MCM) Anti-Liver-Fibrosis Treatments - Part 2

Modern Chinese Medicine (MCM) Anti-Liver-Fibrosis Treatments - Part 1

What is Liver Fibrosis and How is It Different from Cirrhosis?

How does the liver change as we get older?

How is that my LFTs are so good when my viral load is seemly so high?

Comprehensive Care for Chronic Viral Hepatitis

What can Cause Liver Inflammation?  

What Are the Major Functions that the Liver Carries?


What can Cause Liver Inflammation?

Hepatitis is a general disease name for liver inflammation and can have many different causes. Among them, viral infection is one of the most common.

1. Viral infection: Many viruses can cause liver inflammation and they are infectious and transmittable. Now we know, the major viral causes of hepatitis are HAV, HBV, HCV, HDV, and HEV.  Recently, HFV and HGV have just been discovered. Among them, HAV and HDV are usually self-limited infections and rarely become chronic or progress to cirrhosis. Chronic HBV and HCV infections on the other hand,  are the most common. These types of the hepatitis can  progress to serious liver diseases, such as cirrhosis and liver cancer. Patients who have Hepatitis C should definitely have the HAV and HBV vaccinations in order to avoid co-infection with these two kinds of viral infections. Co-infections can dramatically accelerate the progression rate of the chronic condition.

  2. Alcoholic hepatitis: Alcohol abuse can cause liver inflammation because alcohol and its metabolite are toxic to liver cells. If a person takes in 150g of alcohol daily for about 5 years, 90% of them will have various liver damages. For 10 years, 34% will have chronic alcoholic hepatitis and about 25% will progress to cirrhosis. Alcoholic liver diseases are three times more common than HCV infection. Thus, it is very important for patients with HCV to avoid any alcoholic drinks.

3. Drug or chemical intoxication: Many drugs and chemicals can cause liver damage and induce hepatitis, such as carbon-tetrachloride, amethopterin, tetracycline, acetaminophen, fenoprofen, etc. The degree and severity of the liver damage is dependent on the dosage, the length of the course, and individual's constitution. Long-term drugs or chemicals can induce chronic hepatitis, even cirrhosis. Thus, people with hepatitis C should avoid taking unnecessary drugs and stop using any recreational chemicals. When there is an infection or condition that calls for antibiotics or pain-killers, the patient must also be careful when choosing the drugs. Always inform your doctor of you liver condition if you he or she is unaware and is prescribing medication for you.

4. Others: Many other systematic infections can also infect the liver, such as EBV, bacteria infections. They can also cause liver enzyme elevation and other liver dysfunctions. In these diseases, the liver inflammation is only part of its systematic manifestation.  People with hepatitis C should be careful to protect themselves from possible infections. Any infection can stir up immune reactions which can worsen the symptoms of hepatitis C.

If the liver inflammation last less than six months, it will be considered acute hepatitis; if the disease course becomes longer than six months,the liver inflammation become chronic.


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About HCV
Causes and Transmission

Diagnostic Tests
Viral Load

Viral Genotyping

Major Signs
Liver Inflammation

Peripheral Signs and Symptoms
Bile Retention
Joint Pains and Skin Rashes
Blood Sugar Instability
Portal Vein Hypertension

Important Liver Function Test Markers
PT (Prothrombin Time)
Liver Biopsy
Inflammation Grade
Fibrosis Stage
Interferon Based Treatment
Ideal Candidate
Possible Side-effects
Liver Support with TCM
Liver Enzymes
Serum Albumin
Blood Clotting Factors
Bile metabolism
Dietary Considerations
Essential Fats




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